Reader in Criminology
Research interests: Gender, punishment, citizenship, prisons, immigration detention
Mary Bosworth is Director of Graduate Studies at the Centre for Criminology. She is Reader in Criminology and Fellow of St Cross College at the University of Oxford and, concurrently, Professor of Criminology at Monash University, Australia. Dr Bosworth conducts research into the ways in which prisons and immigration detention centres uphold notions of race, gender and citizenship and how those who are confined negotiate their daily lives. Her research is international and comparative and has included work conducted in Paris, Britain, the USA and Australia. Dr Bosworth is currently heading a five-year project on “Subjectivity, Identity and Penal Power: Incarceration in a Global Age” funded by a Starter Grant from the European Research Council. She is also, with colleagues from Monash University, conducting research in Greek Immigration Detention Centres. Details of both of these projects can be found on the website http://bordercriminologies.law.ox.ac.uk. She is the UK Editor-in-Chief of Theoretical Criminology, a co-editor of Routledge Studies in Criminal Justice, Borders and Citizenship, and a member of the editorial boards of the British Journal of Criminology, Race & Justice and the International Journal of Border Security and Immigration Policy.
Departmental Lecturer in Criminology
Research interests: Trust and confidence in the police and criminal justice system; procedural justice; organizational justice; legitimacy; cross-national comparisons.
Ben's research focuses primarily on issues of trust and legitimacy as these apply to the police and the wider criminal justice system. International and cross-national comparisons of these issues are a growing research interest, and his work has a particular emphasis on procedural justice theory and the intersection of social-psychological and sociological explanatory paradigms. He has collaborated with the London Metropolitan Police, the College of Policing and other agencies on research projects concerned with improving police understanding of public opinions and priorities.
Associate Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Family violence, the families of offenders and victims, the family in youth justice, secondary victimization, narrative accounts and neutralizations, vicarious shame and stigma, the state regulation of parenting and family life.
Rachel Condry joined the Law Faculty in 2010. She is a University Lecturer at the Centre for Criminology and a Fellow of St Hilda's College. She has previously been a lecturer in criminology at the University of Surrey, and a lecturer and British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at the London School of Economics. She is working on a three year ESRC-funded project on adolescent-to-parent violence and a British Academy-funded project on parenting expertise in youth justice.
Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Criminal Justice, Criminology
Professor Carolyn Hoyle, Director of the Centre for Criminology, has been at the University of Oxford Centre for Criminology since 1991. She has published empirical and theoretical research on a number of criminological topics including domestic violence, policing, restorative justice, the death penalty and miscarriages of justice. She teaches and conducts research on: 'Restorative Justice'; 'The Death Penalty'; 'Victims'; and ‘Miscarriages of Justice’, and supervises DPhil, MPhil and MSc students on these and other criminological topics. She is currently conducting research into applications to the Criminal Cases Review Commission concerning alleged miscarriages of justice, as well as writing (with Roger Hood) the fifth edition of The Death Penalty (OUP).
Network Facilitator (p/t)
Blerina Kellezi Blerina finished her PhD in Psychology
at the University of St Andrews in 2007. Before joining the Criminology
department she worked at the Medical Foundation for the care of victims
of torture in London as research fellow. Her research has focused on understanding
the impact of social identities on appraisal and coping strategies used
by war survivors in the aftermath of extreme events. While at the Medical
Foundation she was involved in conducting a systematic review on psycho-social
interventions with torture survivors. Her future interests include understanding
how people deal with extreme events both at the individual and societal
level, and the role of justice and reconciliation following wars and armed
conflicts. She is particularly interested in combining qualitative and
quantitative approaches in her research.
Blerina completed her undergraduate degree in Psychology (in 2000) and in Law (in 2009) from the University of Tirana.
Blerina joined the Criminology department to work with Dr Mary Bosworth on Understanding migrant detention project funded by John Fell Foundation.
Associate Professor of Law
Research interests: Criminal justice, human rights, security, comparative method, prisoners' rights, comparative constitutional culture, South African constitutional culture; German constitutional law and culture; UK human rights and constitutional law
Liora Lazarus, BA (UCT), LLB (LSE), DPhil (Oxon), is an Associate Professor in Law, Member of the Centre for Criminological Research, and Fellow of St. Anne's College. Her primary research interests are in comparative human rights, security and human rights, comparative theory and comparative criminal justice.
Born and raised in South Africa, she studied African Economic History at the University of Cape Town and Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science. From 1994-95 she was a Fellow of the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg, Germany. She came to Oxford in 1995 to write her doctorate at Balliol College, after which she went on to become a law fellow at St Anne's College. She is the author of a number of academic books, chapters and articles on prisoners' rights, criminal justice and security and human rights. She has also completed a number of public reports on various aspects of human rights for the UK Ministry of Justice, The UK Stern Review into the treatment of Rape Complaints, and the European Union Parliament.
Liora is an Associate Director of the Oxford Human Rights Hub, and is actively involved in the work of Oxford Pro Bono Publico (which she co-founded) and the Oxford Transitional Justice Research Group. She is currently a Visiting Fellow at the Gilbert and Tobin Centre for Public Law at UNSW, Sydney; a research associate at Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town, and an Associate Member of the Institute of Cultural Inquiry in Berlin. Liora is the book review editor of the European Human Rights Law Review, and sits on the editorial board of the Journal of Human Rights Practice. She is also on the Advisory Board of Oxford's Centre for Ethics and Law in Armed Conflict.
Currently, Liora has just completed an edited collection entitled Reasoning Rights. She has just come to the end of of a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship which commenced in October 2012. This has enabled her to undertake research towards the completion of two monographs entitled Securing Legality and Juridifying Security. The completion of this work will continue to be funded by the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights For Future Generations.
Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellow
Teaches: Philosophy of Law
Research interests: Primarily political philosophy (especially theories of distributive justice) and philosophy of law; secondarily metaethics and moral philosophy.
Ambrose Lee is a political and legal philosopher, currently holding a Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship at the Centre for Criminology, to undertake a 3 year research project titled 'Internal Constraints to Coercive Harm Prevention'. This project builds on the AHRC-funded 'Preventive Justice' Project, which Ambrose worked with Professors Andrew Ashworth and Lucia Zedner as a research officer. The aim of the 'Preventive Justice' Project was to develop an account of the principles and values that should guide and limit the state’s use of coercive techniques in the prevention of harms, in particular its criminal law and other similar instruments. Building on this, Ambrose's current project investigates the rationale(s) behind why the state should prevent harms in the first place. Once this is identified, constraints on the state's use of coercive techniques to prevent harms can then be derived, by asking whether those coercive techniques contradict or undermine the rationale(s). The resulting set of constraints to coercive harm prevention would then be internal to the preventive rationale, which have to be accepted on pain of contradicting or undermining it, as opposed to constraints external to the preventive rationale that are more prevalent in contemporary literature.
Before he joined the Law Faculty and the Centre for Criminology, Ambrose was a lecturer in metaethics in the Division of Law and Philosophy at University of Stirling. He obtained his doctorate from the same university in 2011, with a thesis titled 'Duties of Minimal Wellbeing and Their Role in Global Justice'.
Besides political and legal philosophy, Ambrose also has a keen interest in metaethics and moral philosophy. More specifically, he is interested in the following issues: theories of distributive justice (both domestic and global), value incommensurability, the nature of goodness, the nature of respect, justification of legal punishment, the nature of law, criteria for criminalization, the nature of wellbeing, and its relationship with morality.
Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Policing and security; penal policy and culture; public sensibilities towards crime, order and justice; crime control and democratic politics; criminology and social and political theory.
Ian Loader is Professor of Criminology and Professorial Fellow of All Souls College. Ian arrived in Oxford in July 2005 having previously taught at Keele University and the University of Edinburgh, from where he also obtained his PhD in 1993. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Arts.
Ian is the author of six books, the most recent of which Public Criminology? was published by Routledge in 2010 (with R. Sparks) and has recently been translated into Mandarin. He has also edited two recent volumes (on Emotions, Crime and Justice and The Penal Landscape) and has published theoretical and empirical papers on policing, security, public sensibilities towards crime, penal policy and culture, the politics of crime control, and the public roles of criminology. He is currently working on a series of linked papers on 'The Purchase of Security' (with Benjamin Goold and Angelica Thumala) drawing on material generated during two projects funded by The Leverhulme Trust. He is also in the early stages of writing a book (with Richard Sparks) with the working title of A Better Politics of Crime.
Ian is an Editor of the British Journal of Criminology, Associate Editor of Theoretical Criminology and is on the Editorial Boards of Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice and IPS: International Political Sociology.
Ian was a member of the Commission on English Prisons Today from 2007-2009, and now chairs the Research Advisory Group of the Howard League for Penal Reform. He is co-convener, with the Police Foundation, of the Oxford Policing Policy Forum and is an Associate Fellow of the Institute for Public Policy Research. From 2011-2013 Ian was a member of the Independent Commission on the Future of Policing and part of the Editorial team which produced the Commission's Report. From time to time he writes columns for The Guardian and makes other contributions to public debate about crime and justice.
Howard League Fellow in Criminology
Research interests: criminal justice, criminology, criminal law, human rights, international law, law and society, Chinese studies
Michelle has started her Oxford-Howard League Post-doctoral Fellowship at the Centre for Criminology (2013-2014) under the co-mentorship of Professor Ian Loader and Professor Carolyn Hoyle. She has recently gone through the viva as a DPhil in Law candidate in University of Oxford. Her doctoral thesis entitled 'the Politics of Change: Explaining Capital Punishment Reform in China' surveyed the judicial-led reconfiguration of Chinese death penalty law, policies and institutions. As the first empirical work systematically examining the impact of international and domestic forces on China’s penal development in the field of capital punishment, the research stressed that the European-inspired abolitionist sentiments created significant motivation for penal developments in China, albeit subject to various local constraints. Drawn from interviews with main stakeholders including judges, prosecutors, and legislators, the research further identified three interrelated factors - the rise of penal populism, the fragile judicial independence, and the shifting power authority from national judiciary to lower levels - as local impediments to reform.
She has previously conducted her Dphil research project under the co-supervision of Professor Carolyn Hoyle and Dr Mary Bosworth. She holds two Masters Degrees, one in Criminal Law from Renmin University of China Law School and the other in International Legal Studies from New York University Law School. Her research interests lie in the intersections among domains of criminology, human rights, socio-legal studies and Chinese studies.
C Hoyle and M Miao, ‘Thinking Beyond Death Penalty Abolitionist Reform – Lessons from Abroad and the Options for China’, (2014) 2 (2) China Legal Science (zhongguo faxue)
M Miao, ‘The Politics of China’s Death Penalty Reform in the Context of Global Abolitionism' (2013) 53 (3) The British Journal of Criminology, 500-519.
M Miao, ‘Capital Punishment in China: A Populist Instrument of Social Governance’ (2013) 17 (2) Theoretical Criminology, 233-250
M Miao, 'Explaining the 2011 England Riots: Conflicts and Causes', in 2012 (3) The Jurist, 147-180 (in Chinese)
M Miao and X Zhao, ‘Voluntarily Surrendering Oneself to the Police: An Examination of the Case of A Yun in Song Dynasty’ (2005) 20 (3) Journal of Henan Administrative Institute of Politics and Law, 69-75 (in Chinese)
X Wang and M Miao, ‘The International Criminal Court in China: Challenges and Opportunities’ (2005) 9 Criminal Forum (China Law Press) (in Chinese)
M Miao, ‘Examining China’s Responses to the Global Campaign Against the Death Penalty’, in Hood R. and Deva S. (eds), Confronting Capital Punishment in Asia: Human Rights, Politics, Public Opinion and Practices (Oxford University Press 2013) 46-67.
Zhao, B., Xiong, Z. and Miao, M. (translated), The 9/11 Event: The Report of the National Commission on Terrorist, (2005) Beijing: China People's Public Security University Press.
Miao, M., Ratione materiae (Chapter three), in Zhao, B. and Wang, W. (eds), Introduction to International Criminal Law (2006) Law Press China.
M Miao and B Zhao, ‘Examining the Impact of International Human Rights Norms and Practices on the Transformation of Chinese Attitudes and Practice regarding Capital Punishment’, at Capital Punishment in Asia: Progress and Prospects for Law Reform (Hong Kong, 4 November 2011)
M Miao, ‘The Significance and Limitations of International Human Rights Standard-Setting in Shaping Domestic Capital Punishment Practices: The Case of China’, at British Society Criminology Conference (Newcastle, Northumbria University, July 2011)
Departmental Lecturer in Criminology
Alpa Parmar Alpa read Social and Political Sciences at Cambridge and then completed her doctorate (University of Cambridge) in which she empirically examined perceptions of Asian criminality in the UK. Following this she held a British Academy Postdoctoral fellowship at King's College London in which she researched police stop and search practices under the Terrorism Act 2000 and the consequences of counter-terrorist polices for minority ethnic groups - particularly British Asian people. Theoretically her research considers the implications of security practices upon notions of belonging and ethnic identity, and multi-cultural citizenry. During her postdoctoral fellowship, she was a visiting scholar at Berkeley, University of California, at which time she conducted a comparative policing study on stop and search and stop and frisk. Her book Crime and the Asian Community is forthcoming (Oxford University Press) and her recent publications include 'Stop and Search in London: Counter-terrorist or counter-productive?' (2011 in Policing and Society 21(4)) and 'Configuring Ethnic Identities: resistance as a response to counter-terrorist policy' (2013 in New Directions in Race, Ethnicity and Crime edited by Coretta Phillips and Colin Webster). In addition to researching ethnicity, gender, racism and criminalization, Alpa's current project explores the intersection of securitization and race and the consequences this has on migrants crossing borders between India, Europe and the USA.
Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Sentencing policy and practice; public opinion, crime and criminal justice
Julian Roberts is currently a member of the Sentencing Council of England and Wales, and Associate Editor of the European Journal of Criminology and the Canadian Journal of Criminology.
Associate Professor of African Criminology
Jonny Steinberg is the author of several books about crime, policing and punishment in the wake of South Africa's transition to democracy. Two of them, Midlands (2002), about the murder of a white South African farmer, and The Number (2004), a biography of a prison gangster, won South Africa's premier nonfiction award, the Sunday Times Alan Paton Prize. His books also include Thin Blue (2008), an exploration of the unwritten rules of engagement between South African civilians and police. Jonny has also written several monographs on criminal justice policy for South African think tanks and has published widely in journals such as the British Journal of Criminology, Theoretical Criminology and Policing & Society. He is an Associate Professor of African Studies at Oxford University and is a research associate at the Institute for Humanities in Africa (Huma) at the University of Cape Town.
Professor of Criminal Justice
Research interests: Security; criminal law; criminal justice; counter-terrorism; penal theory and philosophy of criminal law
Lucia Zedner is Professor of Criminal Justice, Law Fellow at Corpus Christi College, Oxford and a Member of the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford.
She was formerly a student and then Prize Research Fellow at Nuffield College Oxford (1984-89) and a lecturer at the London School of Economics (1989-94). She returned to Oxford in 1994, becoming a Reader in 1999 and Professor in 2005. She has served on the Research College of the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC - 2005-08); on the Advisory Panel of The Leverhulme Trust (2013- present) and the Projects Committee of The British Academy (2013- present). She was elected a Fellow of The British Academy in 2012.
She has held visiting fellowships at universities in Germany, Israel, America, and Australia. Since 2007 she has also held the position of Conjoint Professor in the Law Faculty at the University of New South Wales, Sydney where she is a regular visitor.
She has served on the editorial boards of many journals: currently these include the Criminal Law Review, Punishment and Society, International Journal of Criminal Law Education, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, and the Oxford Comparative Law Forum.
She has been a member of the Editorial Board of the Oxford University Press monograph series Clarendon Series in Criminology since 1994 and served as General Editor of the series from 2010-12. Professor Zedner has just finished co-directing with Andrew Ashworth a three-year study of Preventive Justice generously funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, which re-assesses the foundations for the range of coercive measures that states now take in the name of crime prevention and public protection. Their co-authored monograph Preventive Justice will be published by Oxford University Press in April 2014.