Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Gender, punishment, citizenship, race, prisons, immigration detention
Mary Bosworth is Professor of Criminology and Fellow of St Cross College at the University of Oxford and, concurrently, Professor of Criminology at Monash University, Australia. She is Assistant Director of the Centre for Criminology and Director of Border Criminologies, an interdisciplinary research group focusing on the intersections between criminal justice and border control. Prof. Bosworth conducts research into the ways in which prisons and immigration detention centres uphold notions of race, gender and citizenship and how those who are confined negotiate their daily lives. Her research is international and comparative and has included work conducted in Paris, Britain, the USA and Australia. Prof. Bosworth is currently heading a five-year project on “Subjectivity, Identity and Penal Power: Incarceration in a Global Age” funded by a Starting Grant from the European Research Council as well as a Leverhulme International Network on External Border Control. Details of both of these projects can be found at the website http://bordercriminologies.law.ox.ac.uk. Mary is the UK Editor-in-Chief of Theoretical Criminology, a co-editor of Routledge Studies in Criminal Justice, Borders and Citizenship, and a member of the editorial boards of the British Journal of Criminology, Race & Justice, the International Journal of Border Security and Immigration Policy and Clarendon Studies in Criminology at Oxford University Press.
Departmental Lecturer in Criminology
Research interests: Trust and confidence in the police and criminal justice system; procedural justice; organizational justice; legitimacy; cross-national comparisons.
Ben's research focuses primarily on issues of trust and legitimacy as these apply to the police and the wider criminal justice system. International and cross-national comparisons of these issues are a growing research interest, and his work has a particular emphasis on procedural justice theory and the intersection of social-psychological and sociological explanatory paradigms. He has collaborated with the London Metropolitan Police, the College of Policing and other agencies on research projects concerned with improving police understanding of public opinions and priorities.
Associate Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Family violence, the families of offenders and victims, the family in youth justice, secondary victimization, narrative accounts and neutralizations, vicarious shame and stigma, the state regulation of parenting and family life.
Rachel Condry joined the Law Faculty in 2010. She is an Associate Professor at the Centre for Criminology and a Fellow of St Hilda's College. She has previously been a lecturer in criminology at the University of Surrey, and a lecturer and British Academy Postdoctoral Fellow at the London School of Economics. She is currently writing a book on adolescent to parent violence having recently completed a three year ESRC-funded project.
Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Criminal Justice, Criminology, wrongful convictions, death penalty
Professor Carolyn Hoyle is Director of the Centre for Criminology. She has been at the University of Oxford Centre for Criminology since 1991 and has published empirical and theoretical research on a number of criminological topics including domestic violence, policing, restorative justice, the death penalty, and, latterly wrongful convictions. She teaches courses on the MSc in Criminology & Criminal Justice on: 'Restorative Justice'; 'The Death Penalty'; and 'Victims', lectures on Victims and Restorative Justice on the FHS Law degree, and supervises DPhil, MPhil and MSc students on these and other criminological topics. She is currently conducting research into applications to the Criminal Cases Review Commission concerning alleged miscarriages of justice, as well as continuing her ongoing research on the death penalty.
Associate Professor of Law
Research interests: Criminal justice, human rights, security, comparative method, prisoners' rights, comparative constitutional culture, South African constitutional culture; German constitutional law and culture; UK human rights and constitutional law
Liora Lazarus, BA (UCT), LLB (LSE), DPhil (Oxon), is an Associate Professor in Law and Fellow of St. Anne's College. Her primary research interests are in comparative human rights, security and human rights, comparative theory and comparative criminal justice.
Born and raised in South Africa, she studied African Economic History at the University of Cape Town and Law at the London School of Economics and Political Science. From 1994-95 she was a Fellow of the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law, Freiburg, Germany. She came to Oxford in 1995 to write her doctorate at Balliol College, after which she went on to become a law fellow at St Anne's College.
She is the author of a number of academic books, chapters and articles on prisoners' rights, criminal justice and security and human rights. She has completed a number of public reports on various aspects of human rights for the UK Ministry of Justice and the European Union Parliament. She has also acted as an advisor to the UK Stern Review on Rape Complaints and was asked to give evidence to the Parliamentary Modern Slavery Bill Committee.
Liora is a Member of Oxford's Centre for Criminological Research, an Associate Director of the Oxford Human Rights Hub, and is actively involved in the work of Oxford Pro Bono Publico (which she co-founded). She has held visiting fellowships at the Gilbert and Tobin Centre for Public Law at UNSW, Sydney; and a research association at the Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town.
Liora is the book review editor of the European Human Rights Law Review, and sits on the editorial board of the Journal of Human Rights Practice. She is also on the Advisory Board of Oxford's Centre for Ethics and Law in Armed Conflict. Outside of legal academia, Liora is an Associate Member of the Institute of Cultural Inquiry in Berlin.
Liora recently completed an edited collection entitled Reasoning Rights. She completed a British Academy Mid-Career Fellowship in October 2013. This enabled her to undertake research towards the completion of two monographs entitled Securing Legality and Juridifying Security. The completion of this work continues to be funded by the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights For Future Generations.
The influence of her research in the public sphere was recently explored in an Oxford Impact Video on her work.
Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellow
Teaches: Philosophy of Law
Research interests: Primarily political philosophy (especially theories of distributive justice) and philosophy of law; secondarily metaethics and moral philosophy.
Ambrose Lee is a political and legal philosopher, currently holding a Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellowship at the Centre for Criminology, to undertake a 3 year research project titled 'Internal Constraints to Coercive Harm Prevention'. This project builds on the AHRC-funded 'Preventive Justice' Project, which Ambrose worked with Professors Andrew Ashworth and Lucia Zedner as a research officer. The aim of the 'Preventive Justice' Project was to develop an account of the principles and values that should guide and limit the state’s use of coercive techniques in the prevention of harms, in particular its criminal law and other similar instruments. Building on this, Ambrose's current project investigates the rationale(s) behind why the state should prevent harms in the first place. Once this is identified, constraints on the state's use of coercive techniques to prevent harms can then be derived, by asking whether those coercive techniques contradict or undermine the rationale(s). The resulting set of constraints to coercive harm prevention would then be internal to the preventive rationale, which have to be accepted on pain of contradicting or undermining it, as opposed to constraints external to the preventive rationale that are more prevalent in contemporary literature.
Before he joined the Law Faculty and the Centre for Criminology, Ambrose was a lecturer in metaethics in the Division of Law and Philosophy at University of Stirling. He obtained his doctorate from the same university in 2011, with a thesis titled 'Duties of Minimal Wellbeing and Their Role in Global Justice'.
Besides political and legal philosophy, Ambrose also has a keen interest in metaethics and moral philosophy. More specifically, he is interested in the following issues: theories of distributive justice (both domestic and global), value incommensurability, the nature of goodness, the nature of respect, justification of legal punishment, the nature of law, criteria for criminalization, the nature of wellbeing, and its relationship with morality.
Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Policing and security; penal policy and culture; public sensibilities towards crime, order and justice; crime control and democratic politics; criminology and social and political theory.
Ian Loader is Professor of Criminology and Professorial Fellow of All Souls College. Ian arrived in Oxford in July 2005 having previously taught at Keele University and the University of Edinburgh, from where he also obtained his PhD in 1993. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society for the Arts.
Ian is the author of six books, the most recent of which Public Criminology? was published by Routledge in 2010 (with R. Sparks) and has recently been translated into Mandarin. He has also edited two recent volumes (on Emotions, Crime and Justice and The Penal Landscape) and has published theoretical and empirical papers on policing, private security, public sensibilities towards crime, penal policy and culture, the politics of crime control, and the public roles of criminology.
Ian is currently working on a project – termed ‘A Better Politics of Crime’ - concerned with different dimensions of the relationship between crime control and democratic politics. The first strand of work on this project was brought together in Public Criminology? The next key stage will be a monograph with the working title of Crime Control and Political Ideologies which is in the early stages of preparation. The project also includes a forthcoming co-edited volume on Democratic Theory and Mass Incarceration (with Albert Dzur and Richard Sparks, Oxford UP) and a book on Justice and Penal Policy that arises from his involvement with the Howard League’s symposium on ‘What is Justice?’ (co-edited with Barry Goldson and Steve Farrall).
Ian is also co-editing the SAGE Handbook of Global Policing (with Ben Bradford, Bea Jauregui and Jonny Steinberg) which is due to appear in 2016.
Ian is an Associate Editor of Theoretical Criminology and is on the Editorial Boards of Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice and IPS: International Political Sociology. From 2005-2013 he was on the Editorial board of the British Journal of Criminology.
Ian was a member of the Commission on English Prisons Today from 2007-2009, and now chairs the Research Advisory Group of the Howard League for Penal Reform. He is co-convener, with the Police Foundation, of the Oxford Policing Policy Forum and is an Associate Fellow of the Institute for Public Policy Research. From 2011-2013 Ian was a member of the Independent Commission on the Future of Policing and part of the Editorial team which produced the Commission's Report. From time to time he writes columns for The Guardian and makes other contributions to public debate about crime and justice.
Departmental Lecturer in Criminology
Alpa Parmar Alpa read Social and Political Sciences at Cambridge and then completed her doctorate (University of Cambridge) in which she empirically examined perceptions of Asian criminality in the UK. Following this she held a British Academy Postdoctoral fellowship at King's College London in which she researched police stop and search practices under the Terrorism Act 2000 and the consequences of counter-terrorist polices for minority ethnic groups - particularly British Asian people. Theoretically her research considers the implications of security practices upon notions of belonging and ethnic identity, and multi-cultural citizenry. During her postdoctoral fellowship, she was a visiting scholar at Berkeley, University of California, at which time she conducted a comparative policing study on stop and search and stop and frisk. Her book Crime and the Asian Community is forthcoming (Oxford University Press) and her recent publications include 'Stop and Search in London: Counter-terrorist or counter-productive?' (2011 in Policing and Society 21(4)) and 'Configuring Ethnic Identities: resistance as a response to counter-terrorist policy' (2013 in New Directions in Race, Ethnicity and Crime edited by Coretta Phillips and Colin Webster). In addition to researching ethnicity, gender, racism and criminalization, Alpa's current project explores the intersection of securitization and race and the consequences this has on migrants crossing borders between India, Europe and the USA.
Professor of Criminology
Research interests: Sentencing policy and practice; public opinion, crime and criminal justice
Julian Roberts is currently a member of the Sentencing Council of England and Wales, and Associate Editor of the European Journal of Criminology and the Canadian Journal of Criminology.
Lecturer in Law, New College
Research interests: Natasha's doctoral research on torture and inhuman or degrading treatment considers the intersection between human rights, criminal justice and national security.
Natasha teaches Tort Law, Constitutional Law and European Human Rights Law at undergraduate level, and Criminal Justice, Security and Human Rights at graduate level. Her doctoral research concerns the distinction between torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Natasha is admitted to practice as a lawyer in NSW, Australia and previously worked for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in Sydney. She has worked as a consultant on human rights and criminal justice for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR), the Government of Pakistan, and for NGOs in Pakistan and Iraq.
Associate Professor of African Criminology
Jonny Steinberg is the author of several books about crime, policing and punishment in the wake of South Africa's transition to democracy. Two of them, Midlands (2002), about the murder of a white South African farmer, and The Number (2004), a biography of a prison gangster, won South Africa's premier nonfiction award, the Sunday Times Alan Paton Prize. His books also include Thin Blue (2008), an exploration of the unwritten rules of engagement between South African civilians and police. Jonny has also written several monographs on criminal justice policy for South African think tanks and has published widely in journals such as the British Journal of Criminology, Theoretical Criminology and Policing & Society. He is an Associate Professor of African Studies at Oxford University and is a research associate at the Institute for Humanities in Africa (Huma) at the University of Cape Town.
Leverhulme Trust Early Career Fellow
Research interests: Transitional Justice; Memorialisation; Critical Theory; Legal Archives; Rwanda; research ethics and methods
Julia is a Leverhulme Early Career Fellow. Previously, she was appointed a Early Career Lecturer at the Centre for Criminology and before that she worked as postdoctoral fellow in the ESRC Knowledge Exchange Project "Ways of Knowing After Atrocity" that was run by Oxford Transitional Justice Research (OTJR) and the Centre. Before she came to Oxford, Julia was a research fellow at the Center for Conflict Studies of University of Marburg.
Julia obtained her doctorate from the University of Marburg. Her doctoral research explored how societies remember their past after mass violence and how they deal with this traumatic rupture evoked by violence through memorial practices. Focused on the case of Rwanda, her thesis is both a empirical enquiry into memorialisation and transitional justice in Rwanda as well as the development of a broader theoretical concept of how societies deal with an uncanny past.
Her current Leverhulme project 'Atrocity's Archives: The Remnants of Transitional Justice' explores and compares the archival narratives of the Rwandan Gacaca Courts and those of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). Julia's research is concerned with the ways narratives of the harm committed emerge and how the underlying assumptions of the Gacaca courts and the ICTR are addressed in the archival texts.
Professor of Criminal Justice
Research interests: Security; criminal law; criminal justice; counter-terrorism; immigration, penal theory and philosophy of criminal law
Lucia Zedner is Professor of Criminal Justice, Law Fellow at Corpus Christi College, Oxford and a Member of the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford.
She was formerly a student and then Prize Research Fellow at Nuffield College Oxford (1984-89) and a lecturer at the London School of Economics (1989-94). She returned to Oxford in 1994, becoming a Reader in 1999 and Professor in 2005. She has served on the Research College of the Economic and Social Science Research Council (ESRC - 2005-08); on the Advisory Panel of The Leverhulme Trust (2013- present) and the Projects Committee of The British Academy (2013- present). She was elected a Fellow of The British Academy in 2012.
She has held visiting fellowships at universities in Germany, Israel, America, and Australia. Since 2007 she has also held the position of Conjoint Professor in the Law Faculty at the University of New South Wales, Sydney where she is a regular visitor.
She has served on the editorial boards of many journals: currently these include the Criminal Law Review, Punishment and Society, International Journal of Criminal Law Education, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology, and the Oxford Comparative Law Forum.
She has been a member of the Editorial Board of the Oxford University Press monograph series Clarendon Series in Criminology since 1994 and served as General Editor of the series from 2010-12. Professor Zedner's current research focuses on the foundations for coercive measures taken by the states in the name of crime prevention and public protection, including indefinite detention of 'dangerous' offenders, counter-terrorism laws and policies, and the policing of immigration.