Alex read an MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice at the Centre for Criminology. His dissertation is entitled: The Impact of Mandatory Minimum Sentences on the Volume of Firearm-related Serious Crime in Canada. He subsequently transferred onto the MPhil in Criminology, and upon the completion of his thesis, he began a DPhil in Law under the supervision of Professor Federico Varese. He is currently a research associate at the London Metropolitan University, where he does collaborative research on human smuggling. His areas of research interest include organised crime, illegal drug markets, criminal networks, human smuggling, triads, and mafia groups.
Research interests: National Security, Prisoners of War, Diplomacy, Intelligence History, Criminal Law, Ethics.
Kristi Cooper worked for a number of years as an Electorate Officer for an Independent MLA of the Parliament of New South Wales, researching policing and drug matters, after completing a Bachelor of Arts at the University of Sydney, Australia.
Kristi then completed a Bachelor of Laws at the University of Sydney, after graduation in 2005 joining the Attorney General's Department of New South Wales, working first within the Criminal Practice Group of the Crown Solicitor's Office and then in the Criminal Division of the NSW District Court.
In 2006 Kristi was appointed Chief Researcher to the Justices of the New South Wales Court of Appeal, Supreme Court of New South Wales, assisting the Justices with a range of criminal and civil matters. She was admitted as a Solicitor and Barrister of the New South Wales Supreme Court in 2007.
In late 2007, Kristi moved to the United Kingdom, completing an MPhil in Criminological Research at the University of Cambridge. Her research concerned the Students for a Democratic Society, or SDS, a radical US movement of the 1960s and precursor to the Weathermen / Weather Underground.
Kristi's interests include group and organizational behaviour, security, social control, desistance, radicalization and radical movements. She is an expert on current counter-ideological legislation, as well as WWII and Cold War ideologies and counter-ideological methods.
Kristi's prizes and scholarships in Criminology and Law include the Wakefield Scholarship 2007-2008, a Cambridge Commonwealth Trust Bursary 2007 - 2008, the Tuh Fuh and Ruby Lee Memorial Prize in Law, the JH McClemens Memorial Prize in Criminology, the Sybil Morrison Prize for Jurisprudence, and an Australian Institute of Criminology Research Internship, Canberra, 2005.
Kristi is a Wingate Scholar for 2009 - 2012, the Wingate Scholarship generously supporting Kristi's DPhil research at Oxford.
Kristi lectures in the Law of Evidence, Criminal Behaviour Analysis, Advanced Criminal Justice Theory and Application, Criminal Law, Criminological Theory, and Research Methods for a prominent international University.
She has presented papers on counter-ideology and counter-terrorism, as well as upon various legal and jurisdictional matters under the Australian and UK legislative framework, at conferences in Barcelona, Quebec, Stockholm, Sheffield, and most recently presented on her current research in Singapore at the International Conference on Community Engagement (ICCE), September 2011.
Her work at Oxford concerns British WWII efforts regarding Control Council denazification and the ideological re-education of Axis Prisoners of War.
Kristi's research and professional associations include: the Cambridge University Intelligence Committee (Cambridge); the Oxford Leverhulme Programme on the Changing Character of War; the Oxford University Strategic Studies Group; the Oxford Intelligence Group; Brasenose Lessons in Government Seminar Series; the Public International Law Discussion Group; the Cambridge Union; the Commonwealth Society (Cambridge); and the Glanville Williams Society, Jesus College (Cambridge).
An inveterate traveller, Kristi most recently returned from a road trip from Istanbul to the Monastery of Saint Catherine in the Sinai, journeying through the forts of Aleppo and Krak Des Chevaliers, and spending time with the Bedouin in Jordan's magnificent Wadi Rum, where she reacquainted herself with mansaf and the correct way to guide an obstreperous camel across the desert.
Research interests: Capital Punishment, Politics of Crime Control, Restorative Justice, and the Sociology of Punishment.
Chloé is a doctoral researcher at the University of Oxford’s Centre for Criminology. Her research investigates the evolving role and power of medicine and psychiatry in the American capital punishment system over the last forty years. Chloé’s research is generously supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (“ESRC”) and is supervised by Professor Carolyn Hoyle.
Prior to starting her doctorate, Chloé conducted research for the revised edition of The Death Penalty: A Worldwide Perspective (2014), a leading work in the field of death penalty studies authored by Professors Roger Hood and Carolyn Hoyle. Concurrently, she investigated capital punishment cases as a member of the “Death Penalty Team” at the UK-based legal action charity, Reprieve. While at Reprieve, Chloé inquired into the origins of the anaesthetics used for executions by lethal injection in the United States, an experience that inspired her doctorate project.
Involved outside the Centre for Criminology, Chloé teaches a summer course in criminology for undergraduate students from the University of Virginia, held at University College, Oxford. The course juxtaposes British and American approaches to crime and punishment and covers criminological explanations of crime, criminal justice responses, and problematic aspects related to the punishment of vulnerable offenders (e.g. young people and the mentally ill).
Chloé holds a Master of Arts in Contemporary History, with First Class Honours, from the University of Florence, along with a Masters of Science in Criminology and Criminal Justice from the University of Oxford, with Distinction.
Under the supervision of Prof. Ian Loader and Dr. Jonny Steinberg, Andrew's doctoral research explores the question, ‘Who do South African police officers think they are and how does this shape police practice?’ His fieldwork involved eight months of participant observation with police at four police stations in South Africa.
Before moving to Oxford Andrew was employed as a Researcher in the Crime & Justice Programme at the Institute for Security Studies (ISS), a policy research institute with offices across Africa. At the ISS he was lead researcher on a three-year project exploring police corruption and integrity management in the South African Police Service (SAPS). During that time he published numerous articles, papers and co-authored a monograph on the subject, and helped drive related policy reform. He was a regular public commentator on police related matters and presented papers and inputs at various workshops, seminars and conferences. He was promoted to Senior Researcher shortly before leaving for Oxford.
Andrew holds BA, BsocSc(Hons) and Mphil degrees from the University of Cape Town and has spent time as a visitor at New York University. In addition to his ISS publications, Andrew has authored a monograph on diversity training in the SAPS, and a book sketching the working lives of twenty-eight SAPS officials. His more recent publications have explored emerging discourses around ‘police professionalism’ in South Africa, violence and legitimacy in the SAPS, and the monitoring and evaluation of investigations conducted by South Africa's Independent Police Investigative Directorate (IPID). He has worked as a volunteer police constable (reservist) in Cape Town and Pretoria, serves as a sub-editor for the SA Crime Quarterly and is a member of The Judicalis Group.
His time at Oxford is made possible through the very generous support of the Oppenheimer Memorial Trust (OMT), South Africa's National Research Foundation (NRF), and the Ruth and Nevil Mott Scholarship, for which he is very grateful.
Research interests: Immigration Detention; Criminology; Qualitative Research; Quantitative Research; Prisons; Immigration; Refugees
Alice received her BSc Arts (Social Ecology/Psychology) at the University of Tasmania. Her collaboratively funded ESRC-HMIP DPhil focuses on the effectiveness of Immigration detention centres in preparing detainees for removal or release. Alice has a background in the detention estate, including immigration removal centres, working for two years as a researcher for HM Inspectorate of Prisons. Prior to this Alice spent three years working on various projects with the Office for National Statistics, including research on the characteristics of migrants living in the UK.
Michelle Grossman holds two Masters Degrees, one in Criminology and the other in Social Work, both from The University of Toronto in Canada. For three years following completion of the MA in Criminology, Michelle worked with Professor Anthony Doob at the Centre of Criminology at The University of Toronto as a Research Officer. During this time she also worked as a Researcher in the Forensic Division at the Clarke Institute of Psychiatry in Toronto. Following completion of the MSW degree, she worked at Toronto Child Abuse Centre (TCAC - now known as BOOST), an NGO in Toronto, as Manager of two of the Agency?s clinical programmes, one working with child victims of sexual abuse, the other, working with adult male sex offenders in a relapse prevention programme. After five years at TCAC, Michelle moved to Ottawa to assume a position with the Canadian Federal Government?s Department of Justice. For three years she worked for the Research and Statistics Division as the Senior Research Officer leading the research agenda for the Department?s Policy Centre for Victim Issues. She followed this with one year at the Canadian Department of Public Safety (formerly Solicitor General Canada). Michelle's doctoral research, under the supervision of Professor Andrew Ashworth, involves crime victims and international criminal law.
Mia is in the 1st year of a PhD in Criminology, supervised by Professor Mary Bosworth. Mia's research, generously funded by the ESRC, examines the experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender prisoners and prison officers in England and Wales.
Research interests: Public International Law International Criminal Law Human Rights Law
Rudina Jasini is reading for a DPhil in Law. Her doctoral research centres on the participation of victims of gross violations of human rights as civil parties in international criminal proceedings, and is supervised by Professor Carolyn Hoyle. Rudina is currently leading a research project with Impunity Watch on victim participation in transitional justice in Cambodia. In the course of her DPhil, Rudina has pursued both a Visiting Researcher programme at Harvard Law School (2013) and at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign and International Criminal Law (2012). Rudina has taught tutorials in Public International Law and International Criminal Law at New College and Christ Church at Oxford University. She is the recipient of numerous academic awards and the author of several peer-reviewed articles on international justice. She has presented her work at various conferences and symposiums, including at the University of Cambridge, Harvard Law School, Columbia University, New York University, The New School, the 14th International Symposium of the World Society of Victimology in The Hague, as well as on a range of other occasions.
Whilst her research has been a primarily intellectual endeavour, it has also been strongly influenced by her professional background as a practitioner. Prior to coming to Oxford, she worked for the U.N. International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) in The Hague as a legal officer on the Defence Team in the case of Haradinaj et al. In March 2009, she worked pro bono with the legal team providing representation and assistance to victims of Khmer Rouge regime, in the prosecution of Kaing Geuk Eav (a/k/a Duch).
Rudina holds an MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice from Oxford (2009), an LL.M. in International Legal Studies from Georgetown University Law Center (2006) and a B.A. in Law from the University of Tirana (2001).
Research interests: prisoners' families, social justice, imprisonment, gender
Anna graduated with a BA in Law (First Class) from Oriel College, University of Oxford. She then achieved an MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice (Distinction) from the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford. It is during the MSc course that her interest in prisoners' families and the collateral impact of imprisonment developed. Building on her MSc work on the stigma and shame experienced by female partners of male sex offenders, Anna is now undertaking D.Phil research on the impact of imprisonment on partners of long-term prisoners. This research is supervised by Dr. Rachel Condry and is funded by the Sir Halley Stewart Trust.
Anna teaches Criminal Law at Oriel College and is involved in Law Admissions. She also teaches the Law Preparation course at the Oxford Royale Academy Summer School.
"Making Love Last: Maintaining Intimate Relationships with Long-term Prisoners"
This research seeks to engage directly with female partners (wives, girlfriends and fiancees) of male prisoners serving a determinate sentence of 10 years or more (i.e. 5 years served in prison) in the UK, or an IPP or life-sentence. Using in-depth interviews, the research seeks to explore how these partners are affected by long-term imprisonment and the mechanisms they use to cope with the numerous emotional, financial and social difficulties. This is explored via a sociology of imprisonment perspective.
Research interests: Policing; Human Rights Law and Practice; Legitimacy; Northern Ireland; Public Law; Law of Evidence
Richard is conducting his DPhil at the the Law Faculty's Centre for Criminology, analyzing human rights law and practice within the police, and its connection with police legitimacy, within post-conflict Northern Ireland, generously funded by the ESRC.
Criminal justice and connected legal issues are an area which Richard had been interested throughout his studies, having spent valuable time over summers with the Committee on the Administration of Justice (Belfast), as well as the Northern Irish Departmental Solicitor’s Office, the Department of Justice and Legal Services for the Stormont Assembly.
During his DPhil, Richard has published on criminal law, law of evidence and policing and been involved as a researcher and co-writer on projects investigating the ways in which mounted police work is experienced in the UK, funded by the ESRC, and public confidence in the police, funded by the Northern Ireland Policing Board. Richard is an editor of the Oxford Human Rights Hub Blog, which aims to promote dialogue between human rights researchers, practitioners and policy-makers from around the world.
Before commencing his DPhil, Richard graduated with first class honours in Law from the University of Bristol and was awarded the Oxford University Press Prize. He arrived at the Centre for Criminology in 2012 to study for the MSc. in Criminology and Criminal Justice, receiving the Roger Hood Prize for coming first in the year.
Teaches: Criminology and Criminal Justice
Research interests: Criminal justice Criminal law Criminology Constitutional principles and policy
George came to the Centre for Criminology in the Faculty of Law originally back in 2008 for the MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice. After an immensely enlightening and enjoyable year, he was elated to return in Michaelmas 2010 to commence the MSt in Legal Research under the supervision of Prof Andrew Ashworth. Having now progressed onto the DPhil, his doctoral thesis builds upon the investigation first conducted for his MSc dissertation in a fast-moving, crucially important dimension of contemporary sentencing law. It applies the principles of desert theory to the practice of sentencing in the UK in the light of Sch. 21 to the Criminal Justice Act 2003. He is also interested in criminal law, criminology, and criminal justice broadly defined. Outside his studies, he is keenly interested in politics and history, inter alia.
Research interests: women's imprisonment, children of prisoners, criminal sentencing policy, rights of the child
After graduating from St.Anne's College, Oxford in Jurisprudence Shona was called to the Bar of England and Wales and practised criminal and family law from 1 King's Bench Walk, London. Her professional experience has led to her research interest in the points of intersection between family and criminal law.
Shona is undertaking ESRC funded DPhil research on the impact of maternal imprisonment on children, supervised by Dr Rachel Condry and Professor Julian Roberts. The research explores the status of children of prisoners in English law and whether current sentencing policy protects children from 'all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status or activities of the child's parents' ( Article 2 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child ). The research engages directly with children and their carers to explore the nature of the impact of maternal imprisonment, and with the judiciary to examine sentencing practice. This research builds on previous research Shona undertook when obtaining an MSc (Distinction) from the University of Surrey in Criminology, Criminal Justice and Social Research. Her Masters research explored the impact of motherhood as mitigation in criminal sentencing through qualitative interviews with members of the judiciary and an analysis of sentencing transcripts.
Shona is part of the I-Hop Academic/ workforce development task force. I-Hop is an initiative of Barnardo's and the Department of Education to bring together resources and those with an active interest in the children of prisoners.
Her report on 'Motherhood as Mitigation' won the John Sunley Prize 2013 and was published by The Howard League for Penal Reform in April 2014.
Research interests: criminal law theory, jurisprudence, organizational crime
My DPhil explores the moral agency of corporations through the lens of criminal law. This work is being completed under the co-supervision of Professors John Gardner and Julian Roberts. I'm a graduate of McGill law and a former law clerk to Justice Ian Binnie at the Supreme Court of Canada. This year I taught undergraduate jurisprudence at Christ Church College.
Lecturer in Law, New College
Research interests: Natasha's doctoral research on torture and inhuman or degrading treatment considers the intersection between human rights, criminal justice and national security.
Natasha teaches Tort Law, Constitutional Law and European Human Rights Law at undergraduate level, and Criminal Justice, Security and Human Rights at graduate level. Her doctoral research concerns the distinction between torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Natasha is admitted to practice as a lawyer in NSW, Australia and previously worked for the Office of the Director of Public Prosecutions in Sydney. She has worked as a consultant on human rights and criminal justice for the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCR), the Government of Pakistan, and for NGOs in Pakistan and Iraq.
After reading her BA in Jurisprudence (Law) at Wadham College, Marie did a year's journalism traineeship at Channel 4 News before returning to Oxford to do the MSc in Criminology and Criminal Justice - for which she obtained a distinction. Her MSc dissertation 'Mad, Bad or Disabled?' looked at the importance of developing a coherent disability perspective in Criminology for the governance of offenders with learning disabilities and mental health problems (LD&MHP) in England and Wales. Arguing Lord Bradley's Report (2009) made this theoretical venture all the more pertinent, Anti-social Behaviour Orders were used as a practical case-study of the application of such a disability perspective since they have posed a particular problem for perpetrators with LD&MHP. This study received a top first class mark and led her to work as Policy and Legal Officer at Autism West Midlands. Here she co-ordinated and produced a number of consultation responses to national and local government consultations including the Autism Statutory Guidance Implementing fulfilling and rewarding lives (see DH, 2010) and Birmingham City Council's A Vision for Adult Social Care (see, 2010). Gaining insight into the application of the Big Society in practice and knowledge of the changes in Local Government, Health and Adult Social Care (see Localism Bill 2010-11; Health and Social Care Bill 2010-11; DH, 2010) and the interaction of these changes with the English Criminal Justice System, her role inspired her to return to Oxford to pursue the DPhil in Criminology. Marie received an ESRC +3 Studentship and began her DPhil in October 2011 under the supervision of Dr Carolyn Hoyle. Her thesis explores the governance of offenders with Autistic Spectrum Conditions in the English Criminal Justice System. Marie's wider interests include administrative law, the role of elite decision-makers in the criminal justice system, restorative justice, victimology and the relationship between politics, the media and criminal justice policy.
Research interests: Transitional Justice, International Criminal Justice, Criminology, Victimology, Human Rights, International Relations, Law and Society, Global Civil Society
Leila is the Convenor of Oxford Transitional Justice Research (OTJR) and a third year doctoral student at the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford. Her doctoral thesis addresses the question of how the concept of "justice for victims" is interpreted, used and implemented by the different justice stakeholders of the International Criminal Court (ICC) with focus on victim participation in Kenya and victim assistance in Uganda. Leila?s MSc and DPhil studies in Oxford are funded by a 1+3 Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) studentship. She recently published in the Journal of International Criminal Justice with Carolyn Hoyle (Carolyn Hoyle and Leila Ullrich, 'New Court, New Justice?: The Evolution of Justice for Victims at Domestic Courts and the International Criminal Court' 12 (4) Journal of International Criminal Justice 2014). Leila has been involved with OTJR for more than two years as the External Relations Officer and the Blog Editor of the group. She has also worked at the International Criminal Court (ICC), the German Mission to the United Nations in New York, the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF), the German Parliament (Bundestag) and the BBC World Service.
Research interests: International Criminal Law, Refugee Law, Human Rights Law, Criminology, Death Penalty, Sentencing.
Upon completion of her legal studies (in France, the UK and the US) and passing the New York and Paris bars, Marion worked for four years at Linklaters LLP and White & Case LLP on various areas of international law. She then joined a Defence team before the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Tanzania). Upon her return in France, Marion was hired as a judge (Juge assesseur) for the UNHCR within the French Asylum appeals court (Cour Nationale de Droit d'Asile). Marion decided to build on these international legal experiences to redirect her career towards academia, leading her to start a D.Phil in criminology at Oxford.
Marion's research project is supervised by Professors Mary Bosworth and Carolyn Hoyle. In 2014, she spent a term at UC Berkeley under Professor Jonathan Simon's supervison. She is most grateful for the financial assistance from the Paris Bar, the Rotary Club, French education fund, the Oxford Faculty of Law and Green Templeton College. From January 2014, Marion has been the editorial assistant for Theoretical Criminology.
Gabrielle Watson embarked upon her doctoral research at Oxford in October 2012 under the supervision of Professor Ian Loader. Her work is concerned with the construction of a case for the feasibility of ‘respect’ as a new analytic category in contemporary criminal justice. Gabrielle’s research is supported by an ESRC doctoral scholarship, for which she would like to express her gratitude.
Gabrielle holds an LL.B with First Class Honours from Edinburgh Law School and an M.Sc in Criminology and Criminal Justice with Distinction from the University of Oxford. At Oxford, she was awarded the Roger Hood Prize for the best performance in the 2012 Examination.
In addition to her doctoral research, most recently Gabrielle has provided research and editorial assistance to Professors Andrew Ashworth, Julian Roberts and Lucia Zedner in the production of two major Oxford University Press criminal law edited collections (both 2013) and assisted Dr Jane Donoghue in the organisation of an International Symposium on Therapeutic Jurisprudence at Balliol College, Oxford (2012).
In October 2013, Gabrielle will be elected to the Martin Senior Scholarship at Worcester College, Oxford.
Research interests: criminology and the image, law and the image
My doctoral research situates the photographic portraits (mug shots) of twenty-nine women held at the Criminal Lunatic Department of the General Prison at Perth, Scotland (1857-1902) in Scottish women's and feminist art histories. In particular, I focus on the visuality of criminality and its intersections with race, gender and class.
My research is supervised by Professor Mary Bosworth and Professor Eamonn Carrabine (University of Essex) and is financially supported by an Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 1+3 studentship. I have an LLB (First Class Honours) from the University of Edinburgh and MSc (Distinction) from the University of Oxford.
More broadly, I am interested in the image in law and criminology.